Infant Mental Health for the Pediatric Nurse Practitioner
Parental Substance Abuse is a risk factor for infant mental health problems. Maternal substance abuse is associated with higher conflict in mother-infant feeding interactions. Studies support the perinatal period as being a good time for maternal substance abuse intervention. Maternal methamphetamine abuse and more recently, oxycodone abuse has gotten a lot of media exposure. It is important to remember that maternal tobacco and alcohol use also have negative effects on infant health.
References and Resources:
Das Eiden, R. (2001). Maternal substance use and mother-infant feeding interactions. Infant Mental Health Journal, 22: 497-511.
Mattson, B., Williams, S., Rosenblatt, J. & Morrell. (2002). Preferences for cocaine-or pup-associated chambers differentiates otherwise behaviorally identical postpartum rats. Psychopharmacology, 167: 1-8.
Smith et al. (2005). Effects of prenatal methamphetamine exposure on fetal growth and drug withdrawal symptoms in infants born at term. Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics, 24: 17-23.