Infant Mental Health for the Pediatric Nurse Practitioner

Evidence
Evidence from MetaAnalyses and/or Systematic Reviews can help guide PNPs in selecting interventions to assist families wth infant mental health concerns:  Evidence-based table of interventions for infant mental health concerns.

During the infancy period, there are four characteristics that tend to appear in effective treatment situations: significant hands-on parent-involvement, highly individualized developmentally-specific treatment, more broad rather than focused learning goals, and early initiation of intensive services (Wallace & Rogers, 2010). PNPs should consider these characteristics when making referrals and advocating for policy changes in relation to IMH. The importance of early rather than delayed intervention cannot be overstated.

References and Resources:

Clincial lnterventions to enhance infant mental health: http://www.healthychild.ucla.edu/publications/IMH%20evidence%20review%20final.pdf 

​Munshi, K., Gonzalez-Heydrich, J., Augensten T., & D'Angelo, E. (2011). Evidence-based treatment approach to autism spectrum disorders. Pediatric Annals, 40: 569-574.

Olds, D., Sadler, L., & Kitzman, H. (2007). Programs for parents of infants and toddlers: Recent evidence from randomized trials. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 48: 355-391.

Wallace, K. & Rogers, S. (2010). Intervening in infancy: Implications for autism spectrum disorders. Journal of Child Psychiatry and Psychology, 51: 1300-1320.